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Surah Al-"Alaq 96:1-19 <1/1>
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Anda sedang menonton: Tafsir surah al alaq 1 19
بِسۡمِ اللهِ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِيۡمِ اِقۡرَاۡ بِاسۡمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِىۡ خَلَقَۚ خَلَقَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مِنۡ عَلَقٍۚ اِقۡرَاۡ وَرَبُّكَ الۡاَكۡرَمُۙ الَّذِىۡ عَلَّمَ بِالۡقَلَمِۙ عَلَّمَ الۡاِنۡسَانَ مَا لَمۡ يَعۡلَمۡؕ كَلَّاۤ اِنَّ الۡاِنۡسَانَ لَيَطۡغٰٓىۙ اَنۡ رَّاٰهُ اسۡتَغۡنٰىؕ اِنَّ اِلٰى رَبِّكَ الرُّجۡعٰىؕ اَرَءَيۡتَ الَّذِىۡ يَنۡهٰىؕ عَبۡدًا اِذَا صَلّٰىؕ اَرَءَيۡتَ اِنۡ كَانَ عَلَى الۡهُدٰٓىۙ اَوۡ اَمَرَ بِالتَّقۡوٰىۙ اَرَءَيۡتَ اِنۡ كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلّٰىؕ اَلَمۡ يَعۡلَمۡ بِاَنَّ اللّٰهَ يَرٰىؕ كَلَّا لَـئِنۡ لَّمۡ يَنۡتَهِ ۙ لَنَسۡفَعًۢا بِالنَّاصِيَةِۙ نَاصِيَةٍ كَاذِبَةٍ خَاطِئَةٍ ۚ فَلۡيَدۡعُ نَادِيَهٗ ۙ سَنَدۡعُ الزَّبَانِيَةَ ۙ كَلَّا ؕ لَا تُطِعۡهُ وَاسۡجُدۡ وَاقۡتَرِبْ۩
(96:1) Recite1 in the surname of her Lord2 that created,3 (96:2) developed man from a gerean of congealed blood.4 (96:3) Recite: and your mr is most Generous, (96:4) that taught by the pen,5 (96:5) teach man maafkan saya he did not know.6 (96:6) Nay,7 surely guy transgresses; (96:7) for he believes himself to be self-sufficient.8 (96:8) surely to your Lord is your return.9 (96:9) go you see him that forbids (96:10) a maid (of Allah) when he prays?10 (96:11) Did girlfriend consider: apa if he is top top the right Way, (96:12) and also enjoins piety? (96:13) Did you consider: apa if he offers the lie (to the Truth) and turns away (from it)? (96:14) does he not understand that Allah sees everything?11 (96:15) No indeed;12 if he melakukan not desist, We dimaksudkan untuk drag him by the forelock; (96:16) through the lied forelock steeped in sin.13 (96:17) therefore let him summon his helpmates;14 (96:18) us too dimaksudkan untuk summon the safety of Hell.15 (96:19) No, not at all. Tidak pernah obey him. But prostrate yourself and become nigh (to your Lord).16
1. As we have defined in the Introduction, when the Angel claimed to the Prophet (peace be upon him): Read, the latter replied: i cannot read! This cepat that the Angel had presented these words of the revelation sebelum him in the written membentuk and had actually asked him to review them. For if the Angel had actually meant the he must repeat maafkan saya he recited, he have to not have replied, saying: i cannot read!
2. Review in the name of her Lord: speak Bismillah and also read. This reflects that the Prophet (peace it is in upon him) even sebelum the coming dibawah of this revelation regarded and acknowledged Allah alone together his Lord. The is why there to be no should ask that his lord was, however it was said: check out in the name of your Lord.
3. Only the indigenous khalaqa (created) has been digunakan absolutely, and also the thing of development has not been mentioned. This instantly gives the meaning: read in the name of the Lord, who is the Creator, Who developed the entirety universe and also everything in it.
4. After untuk membuat mention typically of the development of the universe, cite has been made of male in particular, saying just how Allah made the a perfect man starting his creation from one insignificant and also humble state. Alaq is many of alaqah, which method congealed blood. This is the main state the the embryo which shows up a few days after conception. Then it suspect the form of a bump of flesh, kemudian afterwards it gradually takes manusia shape. (For details, check out (Surah Al-Hajj, Ayat 5 and also the corresponding E.Ns 5 to 7).
5. That is, that is a great favor that Allah that starting man’s production from a paling insignificant state, he made him possessor of pengetahuan which is the noblest attribute of creation, and also He made that not only possessor of pengetahuan but juga taught him the arts of writing by the usage of pen, which became the means of propagation, progress, dissemination and preservation of pengetahuan on a besar scale. Had actually He not given man the knowledge of the arts of pen and writing (by inspiration) his intellectual faculty would have actually stagnated, and it would certainly have had no opportunity to develop, expand and become a way of infection of pengetahuan from one generation to the lanjut and make masa depan progress.
6. That is, male originally to be absolutely illiterate. Everything of knowledge he obtained, he acquired it as a gift native Allah. Everything doors of knowledge at any kind of stage did Allah will certainly to open for man, they went on opened up sebelum him. This same thing has actually been to express in the city of the Throne (Ayat-ul-Kursi), thus: and the setiap orang cannot comprehend anything of His pengetahuan save maafkan saya He Himself may please come reveal. (Surah Al-Baqarah, Ayat 255). Every little thing man look at upon together his very own scientific discovery was, in fact, unknown come him before. Allah offered him its pengetahuan whenever the willed there is no his realizing that Allah by His keanggunan had blessed him v the pengetahuan of it.
These verses dulu the very very first to be revealed come the Prophet (peace be upon him), as is proclaimed in the Hadith reported by Aishah. This first experience to be so intense and also tremendous that the Prophet (peace be upon him) mungkin not be afflicted with it any type of more. Therefore, at the time the was just made mindful that the Being who he currently knew and also acknowledged as his Lord and Sustainer to be in direct communion through him, had actually started sending dibawah revelations come him, and had appointed him as His Prophet (peace it is in upon him). Kemudian after an intermission the opened verses of surah al-Muddaththir menjadi revealed in which he to be told what mission he had to carry out after his appointment to Prophethood. (For explanation, see introduction to Al- Muddaththir).
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7. That is, guy should never adopt an attitude of ignorance and rebellion against the Bountiful God Who has actually been so generous to him
8. That is, once the man has attained wealth, honor and also rank and also whatever else he desired to achieve in the world, he i do not care rebellious instead of gift grateful and transgresses the limits of servitude come Allah.
9. The is, every little thing he can have attained in the world, which bekerja untuk him law arrogantly and also rebelliously, in the finish he has to return to her Lord. Then he will realize what fate awaits the in an effect of his seperti attitude and behavior.
10. A servant: the Messenger (peace be upon him) that Allah himself. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has been pointed out by this epithet at several locations in the Quran. For example, kemuliaan be come Him that transported His servant one night native the karyawan al-Haram come the far-off Temple. (Surah Bani Israil, Ayat 1); All prayer is because that Allah Who has sent turun this publication to His servant. (Surah Al- Kahf, Ayat 1); and also that when the maid of Allah stood approximately pray, the rakyat got all set to assault him. (Surah Al- Jinn, Ayat 19). This mirrors that that is a khususnya style the love whereby Allah bekerja untuk mention that His Messenger Muhammad (peace it is in upon him) in His Book. Besides, it tambahan shows the Allah after appointing His Messenger come Prophethood had taught the the technique of performing the Prayer. There is no cite of this an approach anywhere in the Quran, saying: O Prophet, carry out the Prayer in this and also this way. Hence, this is lagi proof that the Revelation sent turun to the Prophet (peace be upon him) walk not only consist of apa has been tape-recorded in the Quran, however besides this, other things were tambahan taught come him by revelation, which room not recorded in the Quran.
11. The audience di sini apparently is every hanya man, that is gift asked: have actually you watched the action of the person who stays clear of a servant from God’s worship? maafkan saya do you think: if the servant be rightly guided, or warning the orang to fear God and also refrain from evil, and this forbidden be denying the kebenaran and turning away native it, what will his act it is in like? could this man adopt kemudian an mindset had he well-known that Allah is city hall the male who is exhorting rather to piety as well as him who is denying the kebenaran and transforming away native it? Allah’s watching the oppressor and also his wrongdoing and the oppressed and also his misery by diri sendiri implies that He will punish the oppressor and also redress the grievances that the wronged and downtrodden person.
12. The is, the orang who intimidates that he would certainly trample the neck that Muhammad (peace it is in upon him) down when that performed the Prayer, would tidak pernah be maybe to execute so.
14. As we have explained in the Introduction, as soon as the Prophet (peace it is in upon him) rebuked Abu Jahl top top his foolish behavior, he had actually retorted: O Muhammad, on what strength execute you threaten me? by God, my supporters in this valley much exceed your in number. At this the is gift said: let him panggilan his pita of supporters.
15. According to the explanation given by Qatadah, words zabaniyah in the original is tangan kedua for the police in arabic idiom, and also zaban actually means to press away. The kings too kept armed attendants who would press out the one through whom the raja was annoyed and angry. Therefore, what Allah method is: permit him panggilan his supporters; we too dimaksudkan untuk summon our Police, i.e. The angels that torment, to resolve him and his supporters.
16. Sajdah (prostration) di sini implies the Prayer, so regarding say: O Prophet, continue to carry out your Prayer fearlessly as you have remained in the past, and also seek your Lord’s existence through it. In the Sahih the Muslim and other publications of Hadith over there is a tradition from Abu Huraira come the effect: The servant is nearest come his Lord as soon as he is in the state the prostration, and in Muslim there is juga a heritage from Abu Hurairah that as soon as the Prophet (peace it is in upon him) recited this verse, he performed a sajdah of recital.